Then, use a backhoe, shovels and rakes to clear the area of brush and debris. Decks built ground level up to 2 feet off the ground can support up to 100 lbs per square foot; sufficient for most hot tubs. Ledger boards, joist hangers, 2×8 joist, and 4×4 posts may meet the minimum requirement – BUT – when the safety of family and friends is involved, go big or go home. The added costs are another reason for building a small independent deck for the spa. Install additional concrete footings and posts or piers to support the number of required beams under the tub. Types of Decks where Hot Tubs can be Installed, Practical Recommendations for Spa Deck Framing, Buy the Hot Tub and Take Exact Dimensions, I65 gallons x 8.34 lbs/gallon = 1,371 lbs, Total weight = 120 + 1,371 + 740 = 2,231 pounds, 1075 gallons x 8.34 lbs/gallon = 8,965.5 lbs, Total weight = 1,120 + 8,965.5 + 1,480 = 11,565.5 lbs, weight of water: 495 lbs x 8.34 lbs/US gallon = 4,128. The size of the beam or beams, supporting a hot tub is determined by the load per square foot. It may have stairs connecting the two decks, or abut at one or more sides. Spas and hot tubs by themselves are wonderful, but when they are just plopped onto the back patio, they can look kinda plain. Placing a hot tub on a reinforced, Code-compliant wood deck is a common practice. If you’re building a new deck, the slab should be formed and poured at the same time as your concrete footings. Always check the local Building Codes for requirements. When building around or next to the spa it is best to have it in place first. Learn how to install a deck that will properly support the weight of a hot tub. Hot tub deck framing needs to address the issue of potential shifting due to temperature fluctuations to prevent damage or structural failure. Make sure the hatch is secure and level with the deck floor. Before you reach for a hammer there’s a few things you need to consider before building your new deck. removable deck panels for access to hot tub front.. Building the deck so the top of the spa is 16” to 18” above the deck boards is common. Only a few inches off the ground, this platform takes a little time but is easy once you get going. However, hot tub deck framing has to support much more weight than regular deck framing. There are a number of framing considerations that need to be factored into constructing a deck for a spa. Yes, you can put a hot tub on a deck. On short decks, the hot tub is not typically installed on top of the deck. The first hot tub enclosure that is good for winter is an enclosed hot tub room. Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. Pouring a Code-compliant concrete slab for the spa allows for standard deck construction. When the inner frame is squared and centered, attach the frames to one another with several 2x6 joists. Mechanical lift arms for insulated covers also require space to move. They often encourage homeowners to build reinforced decks to meet larger loads. Construct an independent deck for the hot tub at the same level as the main deck. It is also easier for older or injured bodies. Some products have access panels on one side, others on multiple sides, so unless you plan to move the tub every time it needs to be drained or serviced, plan ahead. The weight is made up of the dead-load or building material, and the live-load is made up of people and furniture or snow. Especially if you want to build it yourself. For instance, they place the tub on or under the raised deck, build a pergola for its shade, or even surround it with the gorgeous patio. They can be sunk fully or partially below the deck surface, or have a raised section built partially around them. I hope you have a better understanding of how to build a deck for a hot tub. Install decking over the framing in the same direction as the deck floor. It’s less expensive and often easier to build a concrete slab for a spa and build the deck next to or around the tub sides. Follow these steps to install a wooden fence in your own yard. The cost factor for using larger dimensions when framing a 6’x6’ or 8’x8’ hot tub deck is marginal when compared to the structural integrity it provides. The deck height determines the size of posts required to support the deck and other structural requirements identified in the building codes. A 6 person spa 36” high and 6’ square may have a dry weight of 872 lbs and a water capacity of 495 US gallons. Build the deck for the hot tub at a lower level independent of the main deck. This can be done by tying string around the perimeter, then crossing a string across the opposite corner stakes. Reinforced concrete footings need to go to bedrock or 1-foot below frost level, whichever occurs first. Behind the Spa there is a privacy wall. “The gap should be small enough to prevent your toe from entering, but large enough for water to drain and the wood to expand and contract. Purchasing the unit beforehand ensures exact dimensions and weight specifications are available for design. Allow the concrete to dry. A wood deck needs to be designed or reinforced to support the weight of a hot tub. Closer spaced footings, support posts, and narrower joist span and spacing under the spa are common solutions. Knowing where all access panels on the spa are located and their dimensions and the location of hook-ups is necessary when planning and framing, especially if the tub will be inset into the deck. Watch Planning to build a deck Studies have shown that it is unwise to make the surface of a deck or other enclosure flush with the lip of a hot tub. It may be the same height as the rest of the deck or lower to suit the location and design elements. Step 2. Your comments and suggestions, as always, are appreciated. Attach a right angle bracket to the base of each support post. When installing a hot tub on a raised deck or moving it over uneven or sloped ground, we recommend relying on professional installers. Hot tub location and deck design may include privacy screens, an enclosure, pergola, or other considerations. Joists are commonly independent too but do not need to be if the decking is all the same height. Once you figure out how to make your deck and hot tub work together in … Extra muscle or mechanical power may be needed to raise the tub safely to prevent damage or injury. It is designed to fix in a metallic tub which would carry water. The decks support posts serve as mounts for the new railing system. Installing Decking. Prevailing winds are another consideration when locating a spa. Don’t make the top of the hot tub even with your deck. Dig holes for the cement footers that will support the hot tub. Use these measurements to make a temporary frame out of 2x4's that will act as a guide for the deck's footers. They have the equipment and know-how to get the job done without damage to the unit or causing injury. Ease of access and safety also need to be considered. Regular decks commonly have joist spacing of 16”o.c., local codes may require 8”o.c. Removing a section of railing and installing diagonal rails from the ground to deck level and relying on muscle power are common install practices, especially for DIYers. Tubs near the middle of the house tend to feel less wind. Instead, a... Other Considerations. Because the posts are set in concrete, first drill pilot holes, and then secure the brackets with concrete screws. For uneven ground or decks higher than 3-feet – the top of the spa on a concrete pad – or if a slab isn’t possible, it is more practical to place the hot tub on a deck. I added a couple deck boards to keep it square while we adjusted for level. Deck Installation. Use brackets to maintain location on the beam and intermediate blocking for spacing and to prevent twisting. 1. Curved composite planks match the circular acrylic hot tub, set below Wisteria blooms. Some deck designs can be built around a hot tub, depending on its size and capacity. To determine the size and shape of the deck, measure the dimensions of the hot tub. Exact measurements for the tub are essential. Building a deck for or adding a hot tub to a deck requires a building permit in most areas. Locate the spa to take advantage of the views, trees, and the sun without obstructing views from inside the house. hinged or removable access panels for hot tub – Google Search.. How to build decking around a hot tub but still give easy access to the drain, pumps and . While a 4×4 may be acceptable, 6x6s are recommended for decks up to 6 feet off the ground and 8x8s for heights greater than that to carry the additional load of a hot tub. If a deck must be constructed, build it independently of the rest of the deck, or as a blend. Most dealers deliver and install their products, which makes getting the tub onto the deck their problem. You will also need to be sure that the hot tub frame is centered with the exterior frame of the deck. The expansion and contraction of wood, plastic, and metal are well known and need to be considered when building a deck. Ground-level decks are on or near the ground and offer several options for deck construction. The costs of material and labor for a small deck exceed that of a similar-sized 6-inch thick concrete pad. Before the deck can be built, mark off the designated area with spray paint. 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